Stress — particularly reproductive stress combined with high temperatures and drought — is a key instigator for charcoal rot, planting later cultivars or monitoring temperatures could be good way to avoid disease symptoms and ultimately plant loss.
The fungus germinates in the soil, grows toward the root of the plant, begins to grow alongside the roots and eventually infects the plant. Imbalanced nutrition could also promote the growth of the pathogen in the soil.
Vegetable crops, citrus crops, some varieties of trees, soybeans, corn and sorghum are all among the plant varieties affected by the macrophomina pathogen. Wheat is the only locally grown crop showing some measure of resistance to the disease.
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